Cyber Security-An Overview

Cyber Security-An Overview

What is Cyber Security?

Cyber security is like a shield for things that use the internet, such as computers, phones,and machines. It's all about keeping them safe from people who want to cause harm digitally. Just like you lock your door to keep intruders out, cyber security helps keep these digital things safe from people who want to steal or damage them.

Why is It Important?

Imagine many people using computers and gadgets to do important things, like sharing secret information or controlling machines. As more people use these things now, they become valuable targets for people who want to steal or harm. Cyber security is like a team of protectors that keeps these valuable things safe from people who use tricky methods to break in.

With time these tricky people are getting smarter, so we need new and modern techniques to stop them. The experts in cyber security know how to guard our digital world through cyber security training. They make strong plans to make sure that our data or machines will remain safe.

Components of Cyber Security:

  1. Application Security: This is like putting a lock on each individual app or program to make sure it's safe from being hacked.
  2. Information or Data Security: Think of this as keeping your personal and important stuff locked away so that no one can access it without permission.
  3. Network Security: Just like securing your home, this is about protecting the pathways (like Wi-Fi and cables) that connect your devices to each other and the internet.
  4. Disaster Recovery/Business Continuity Planning: Imagine having a backup plan in case something goes wrong - like a fire or a big computer crash - so you can quickly get back on track.
  5. Operational Security: This is about making sure everyone in the organization follows the rules and practices to keep things safe and secure.
  6. Cloud Security: Like keeping your digital stuff safe in a virtual "cloud," so it's not just floating around unprotected on the internet.
  7. Critical Infrastructure Security: Think of this as safeguarding the most important parts of a company's systems, like the heart of a computer network.
  8. Physical Security: Just like locking doors to prevent unauthorized access, this is about securing the actual devices and places where data is stored.
  9. End-User Education: It's like teaching people how to recognize and avoid potential risks online, so they don't accidentally open the door for hackers.

Working in Cyber Security Field:

Keeping things safe in the digital world is tough because the threats are always changing. Previously, people focused on protecting against the big dangers they knew about,but that's not enough anymore. We need a smarter approach that's ready for new, unknown dangers.

To do this, experts suggest continuous monitoring and real-time assessments. Imagine having a security guard who watches over your digital stuff all the time. This helps us stay protected from both known and unknown dangers. It's like a safety checklist that a special group recommends, and it's supported by a respected organization called NIST. This way, we're always one step ahead in keeping things secure.

Benefits of Cyber Security:

  1. Protection against Cyber attacks and Data Breaches: It helps shield businesses from online attacks and keeps sensitive information safe.
  2. Data and Network Protection: It safeguards important data and the pathways that connect devices to the internet.
  3. Prevention of Unauthorized Access: It stops unauthorized people from getting into systems they shouldn't be in.
  4. Improved Recovery Time: Even if a breach happens, the time it takes to get things back to normal is quicker.
  5. End point and User Protection: It secures devices like computers and smartphones, as well as the people using them.
  6. Regulatory Compliance: It helps companies follow rules about how to handle data safely.
  7. Business Continuity: Even if something bad happens, like a cyber attack,the business can still keep running.
  8. Improved Reputation Confidence: People trust a company more when they know it's good at keeping their data safe.

Top Cyber Security Challenges:

  1. Persistent Hackers: Cyber criminals keep trying to steal data,which makes cyber security a never-ending challenge.
  2. Privacy Concerns: Protecting people's personal information is tough because it can be targeted by attackers.
  3. Risk Management: Figuring out where the biggest threats are and how to handle them is tricky.
  4. Changing Strategies: Tactics to protect against attacks have to change often because hackers find new ways to break in.
  5. Growing Cyber attacks: More and more attacks are happening as more people use the internet.
  6. Internet of Things ( IoT): With everything being connected to the internet, there are more entry points for attacks.
  7. Evolving Risks: New technology is used in different ways, and hackers find new ways to attack. Keeping up with these changes is tough.
  8. Updating and Resources: Keeping everything up to date and protected can be hard, especially for smaller organizations with limited staff and resources.

In a nutshell, cyber security helps keep businesses safe from online threats and data breaches. It protects data, networks, and users, and ensures business continuity and a good reputation. However, challenges like persistent hackers,changing strategies, and the evolving nature of threats make it a complex and ongoing task.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) And Cyber security:

Think of artificial intelligence as a smart helper for keeping our digital world safe from bad guys. We're talking about the kind of technology that learns and gets better at its job over time. In the world of keeping digital stuff secure (cyber security), AI is a big deal. A couple of years ago, people were already talking about how AI and machine learning could change how we handle cyber security because protecting data is really important.

Why AI is Important in Cyber security:

AI is like a super tool for cyber security experts. It helps them understand and fight against digital crimes. You know how superheroes have fancy gadgets? Well, AI is like a fancy gadget for tech experts who fight against digital criminals. It provides the tools that companies can use to stop these bad guys in a better and smarter way. Plus, it helps protect customer information from being stolen.

Benefits of AI in Cyber security:

  1. Getting Smarter with Time: AI keeps getting smarter as it learns from what's happening in the digital world. It's like a computer that learns from its mistakes and gets better at its job.
  2. Spotting Unknown Dangers: Imagine if AI was like a detective that could find new kinds of bad stuff that hackers try to do. It helps to catch these bad things that haven't been seen before.
  3. Dealing with Lots of Data: AI is great at handling lots and lots of digital information. It checks through all this data to find any hidden dangers that could be pretending to be normal things.
  4. Helping Fix  Weaknesses: It's faster than humans at finding weak spots in computers and networks. This is like finding a hole in a fence before someone bad can get in.

Why We Need AI:

Imagine that every year, the bad guys (hackers) come up with new tricks to break into computer systems and steal stuff. AI helps us fight these tricks because it's almost impossible for regular people to catch all these new dangers. For example, sometimes there are secret ways for hackers to get in that we don't even know about. AI helps us catch these secret ways before they cause damage. In simple terms AI is like a super-smart helper that makes our digital world safer. It learns from what's happening, spots hidden dangers, and fixes problems faster than human. It's like having a superhero for our computers!

Using AI for Cyber security:

AI (Artificial Intelligence) is like a smart tool that can learn and get better at things over time, especially with the help of Machine Learning and Deep Learning. Think of it as a helper that can understand data and patterns without needing a lot of human help. In the world of cyber security, AI is being used more to make things safer. Here's how:

AI's Role in Cyber security:

  1. Fighting Cyber Attacks: Companies are using AI to defend against cyber attacks and dangerous software. These attacks are happening more often, and AI helps keep up with them.
  2. Learning from Data: AI learns from the huge amount of data it collects. It learns patterns, figures out what's normal, and spots things that look unusual.
  3. Helping Security Experts: AI is like a helper for the experts who stop bad guys online. It helps them understand and deal with tricky situations.

Real Examples of AI in Action:

The Department of Homeland Security in the United States created something called AVATAR. It uses AI and Big Data to check how people look and move to find out if they're hiding something. It's like a virtual security guard!

Future of AI in Cyber security:

  1. Finding Threats with AI: In the future, AI can become really good at finding problems in computer systems. It learns from patterns and stops threats early.
  2. Teaching AI to Stop Hackers: AI can be like a smart student who keeps getting better and better. Hackers will find it harder to outsmart AI because it keeps learning and improving.

Role of Dispute Resolution in Cyber Security:

In the dynamic landscape of cyber security and AI, the integration of dispute-resolution mechanisms plays a pivotal role in maintaining a secure digital environment. As the reliance on technology grows, so do the complexities and potential conflicts in the realm of cyber activities. This calls for innovative approaches to address disputes arising in the context of cyber security, and online dispute resolution (ODR) emerges as a beacon of effective resolution.

ODR,a subset of alternative dispute resolution (ADR), harnesses the power of technology to facilitate the resolution of conflicts that arise in the digital realm. Just as AI fortifies our defence against cyber threats, ODR platforms and mechanisms booster our capacity to manage disputes stemming from cyber security breaches. These mechanisms act as virtual grievance redressal portals, providing a structured channel for parties to seek resolution without resorting to lengthy and costly legal battles.

In this interconnected era, the potential triggers for disputes are diverse - from data breaches to alleged unauthorized access, each demanding swift and impartial resolution. ODR platforms, powered by AI-driven algorithms, offer a streamlined process where evidence, claims, and counterclaims can be submitted electronically. The AI component assists in analyzing patterns, anomalies, and trends within the disputes, aiding human mediators or arbitrators in making informed decisions.

Imagine a scenario where a company detects a cyber intrusion that compromised sensitive customer information. In response, the affected customers demand compensation for the potential damages. Instead of entering the labyrinth of traditional litigation, the company and the customers turn to an ODR mechanism. Here, AI's analytical prowess swiftly processes the available data, identifying the extent of the breach and the possible ramifications. Through the virtual grievance redressal portal, parties present their cases, and AI-assisted mediation commences. The AI engine suggests potential solutions based on historical precedent and legal frameworks while considering the unique circumstances of the breach.

This hybrid approach intertwining cyber security, AI, and dispute resolution signifies a harmonious synergy in the digital age. The advantages are manifold:expedited resolution reduced legal costs, and the elimination of geographical constraints. Moreover, as AI evolves and learns from each interaction, its ability to propose tailored solutions amplifies over time.

In essence, the marriage of AI, cyber security, and dispute resolution signifies a forward leap in safeguarding digital landscapes. Just as AI fortifies our defences against cyber threats, it also refines our mechanisms for equitable and efficient conflict resolution. As the digital world continues to expand,this synergy serves as a testament to human ingenuity, adapting tools to not only protect but also resolve in a rapidly evolving landscape.


For an average mid-sized startup or company, dealing with a lot of online activity is common. This means a huge amount of information is moving between customers and the company's servers every day. It's really important to keep this data safe from hackers who might want to access or change it, which could cause problems for both users and the company. But it's really hard for cyber security experts to check all the data for potential threats.

That's where AI comes in. Artificial Intelligence is becoming a top priority for improving the work of IT security teams. It's like a smart tool that can help these experts understand and deal with cyber threats. It's like a helper that can spot problems and patterns in all the data that's flying around.

AI is being used to protect against cyber attacks and make sure things are safe. It learns from all the data it gathers, which makes it even better at stopping bad things from happening. It's like a digital superhero that's always learning and getting better.

In the future, AI will be even more powerful. It will become really skilled at finding issues in computer systems and making them safer. This means it will be even harder for hackers to hack or steal things as AI will be there to stop them.

So, to sum it up, AI is like a smart helper that keeps our digital world safe from problems. It's used to stop cyber attacks and make sure everything is secure online. And in the future, it's going to be even smarter and help experts keep things safe and sound.