October 27, 2023
AI is emerging as a powerful tool with the potential to revolutionize various industries including the legal industries. However in India, the usage of AI is limited to the contract review, legal research etc. But in many countries Artificial Intelligence has gained sufficient attention in the field of Alternative Dispute Resolution. China’s Smart Court system aids judges with AI technology that can analyze past cases and suggest applicable laws and precedents. In United Kingdom Ministry of Justice introduced the Digital case system in 2020 for the crown court. With time many countries are accepting the AI tool in Legal Field.
ADR is the method used to resolve the disputes outside the court with the help of arbitration, mediation and negotiation. The use of AI in Alternative Dispute Resolution has the potential to improve efficiency, reduce costs and time. AI in legal field can help the practitioners to use the algorithms and data analytics to predict the outcome of the dispute. In contrast of human decision makers who may be influenced by emotions, Artificial intelligence(AI) is able to make decision unbiased and can increase the fairness of the process. AI can also help in the process of mediation by providing the parties suggestions to resolve the dispute between them. In Arbitration process the drafting task can be delegated to the AI system which can help the arbitrator to focus more on decision making and award giving process. But there are challenges to use the Artificial Intelligence because of the lack of understanding of the technology. However there should be established some guideline or law for using the Artificial Intelligence in the field of ADR.
The development of AI gives the lawyers an opportunity to develop their technical skills, reduce costs, energy and time. AI can handle mechanical routine task like contract review, legal research, data analysis in law firms and LPO industries. But AI is not yet capable to handle more complex tasks of lawyer like deal or negotiation with others, advocacy or presentation in court. However the larger firm can afford the AI technology but the smaller firm may struggle for the cost of use of Artificial Intelligence.
Since 2021 Indian Judiciary has been using the Artificial Intelligence (AI) tool to process information. It does not participate in decision making process but it may help the judges for gathering information. Recently CJI DY Chandrachud announced a new AI enabled Software SUVAS - Supreme Court Vidhik Anuvad Software that the Supreme Court will use to translate the judgements and orders in four languages.
In case of Communication components Antena Inc. vs Rosenberger Hochfrequenztechnik Gmbh & Co. Kg.& Ors. Supreme Court ordered to a AI tool for making a live transcripton. Though AI is not participating in the decision making process or in trials but it may help in transcription and gather information in legal field.
Other countries like USA, China, United Kingdom are also using Artificial Intelligence in legal field. India is also not far behind in using the Artificial intelligence in legal field. Many law firms and LPO industries are using AI for contract review, data analysis etc. Though AI can not be used in complex situation like advocacy and court proceedings, it can definitely help to gather information and other things like legal drafting, transcription etc. It is important to remember that AI is not a replacement of lawyers’ work but it may help them to reduce their work burden and lead to a easier dispute resolution system.